• Diabeton MR tablets 30mg №60

Diabeton MR tablets 30mg №60

Desccription for Diabeton MR tablets 30mg №60

Pharmacological properties:

Pharmacodynamics. Gliclazide - oral hypoglycemic agents, sulfonylureas, which differs from other similar compounds by the presence of a heterocyclic ring which contains nitrogen and has the endocyclic bond. Gliclazide lowers blood glucose by stimulating insulin secretion, β-cells of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas.
Increased postprandial insulin and C-peptide secretion is maintained even after 2 years of treatment. Gliclazide exhibits also gemovaskulyarnye properties.
Impact on insulinosekretsiyu. In patients with type II diabetes gliclazide restores I and phase II insulinosekretsii in response to glucose intake. Increase of insulin takes place in accordance with the food or glucose load.
Gemovaskulyarnye properties. Gliclazide reduces the risk of mikrotrombozov vessels through two mechanisms implemented during the development of diabetes complications:
partially inhibits adhesion and aggregation of platelets, reduces the number of markers of platelet activation (β-tromboglobulin, thromboxane B2);
affect the fibrinolytic activity of vascular endothelial (increases the activity of tissue plasminogen activator).
Pharmacokinetics. Gliclazide concentration in blood plasma increased progressively during the first 6 hours after admission, and then reaches a constant level (plateau), which is held 6-12 hours after application.
A single dose daily dose diabeton MR 60 mg provides effective concentration of gliclazide in plasma for 24 h. The individual variations are minor.
Gliclazide completely absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. Food intake did not affect the rate and extent of absorption.
Observed linear relationship between the adopted dose of the drug to 120 mg and a concentration in blood plasma. Binding of gliclazide with the proteins of blood plasma is approximately 95%.
Gliclazide is metabolized primarily in the liver and excreted in the urine, less than 1% of the active substance is excreted in the urine in unchanged form. Active metabolites in plasma are absent.
Half-life of gliclazide is approximately 12-20 hours
The volume of distribution is approximately 30 liters.


diabetes mellitus type II (insulin-dependent) for inability to control blood glucose levels only by diet, exercise or weight loss.


for oral administration. Assigned only to adults. The daily dose ranges from 1 / 2 to 2 tablets per day (30-120 mg / day). The daily dose taken odinokratno during breakfast. Half a tablet or tablet (s) should be swallowed whole (do not crush or chew).
If the patient has forgotten to take pills, do not increase the dose the next day.
Like all hypoglycemic funds needed individual titration diabeton MR 60 mg depending on individual patient response to treatment (blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin HbAlc).
The initial dose and titration. The recommended starting dose is 30 mg (1 / 2 tablet per day). With effective control of blood glucose can continue treatment at this dose.
If necessary, increase the level of glycemic control daily dose can be increased to 60 mg (1 tablet), 90 mg (1.5 tablets) or 120 mg (2 tablets) once during breakfast. Increasing the dose recommended gradually at intervals of 1 month, except in cases where no marked decrease in blood glucose levels within 2 weeks of treatment. In such circumstances, the dose may be increased after 2 weeks of treatment.
Average daily dose is 1 tablet once a day during lunch for most patients from the very beginning of treatment.
The maximum recommended daily dose - 120 mg (2 tablets).
One tablet to modified release drug diabeton MR 60 mg equivalent to two tablets with modified release drug diabeton MR 30 mg.
Modified release tablet of the drug diabeton MR 60 mg can be shared, which allows to use the drug at a dose of 30 mg (1 / 2 tablets) and 90 mg (1.5 tablets).
Moving a patient with treatment preparation containing 80 mg of gliclazide, an appointment diabeton MR 60 mg modified release tablets: 1 tablet containing gliclazide 80 mg, equivalent to 1 / 2 tablets diabeton MR 60 mg. Need to carefully monitor blood counts during the transition to diabeton MR 60 mg.
Moving a patient with treatment with other oral hypoglycemic agents on diabeton MR 60 mg: diabeton MR 60 mg may be appointed instead of the other oral hypoglycemic agents. It must take into account the dosage and half-life of the latter. The transition period is generally not needed. You should begin with a dose of 30 mg followed by dose adjustment (see initial dose and titration).
In the transition from glucose-lowering drugs sulfonylurea with a longer half-life than diabeton MR 60 mg treatment interruption for several days may be needed to prevent the additive effect of two drugs and the development of hypoglycemia. Treatment with diabeton MR 60 mg starting dose of 30 mg / d (1 / 2 tablets), followed by dose adjustment in compliance with the rules that were described earlier (see above).
The simultaneous use of other antidiabetic drugs: diabeton MR 60 mg can be used in combination with biguanides, inhibitors of α-glucosidase and insulin. In the event that was not achieved adequate control of blood glucose in patients taking diabeton MR 60 mg can be started simultaneously with insulin therapy under close medical supervision.
For elderly patients (over 65) dosing regimen of the drug diabeton MR 60 mg is the same as for patients below the age of 65 years.
For patients with renal insufficiency mild to moderate severity dosing regimen of the drug diabeton MR 60 mg is the same as for patients with normal renal function, but the patient should be monitored carefully.
For patients belonging to the risk of development of hypoglycemia (see SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS and INTERACTIONS), the minimum recommended starting dose - 30 mg / day.
For patients with severe vascular disease (CHD, severe pathology of coronary arteries, diffuse vascular lesions), a minimum initial dose - 30 mg / day.


• Hypersensitivity to gliclazide, other sulfonylureas;
• sulfonamides or any component of the drug;
• insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type I;
• diabetic precoma and coma, ketoacidosis;
• severe hepatic or severe liver or kidney failure;
• Simultaneous treatment miconazole;
• During pregnancy and lactation;
• Children's age.


based on the experiences of gliclazide and other derivatives sulfanimocheviny, you may experience side effects stated below.
Hypoglycemia. As with other sulfonylurea drugs, taking gliclazide may cause hypoglycemia due to irregular meals, especially if the meal is skipped.
The emergence of hypoglycemia may be accompanied by characteristic symptoms, such as: headache, heavy sensation of hunger, nausea, vomiting, weakness, sleep disturbance, anxiety, impaired concentration and reaction, depression, confusion, impaired vision and speech, aphasia, tremor, paresis, violation sensitivity, dizziness, tiredness, loss of self-control, delirium, seizures, shallow breathing, bradycardia, drowsiness and loss of consciousness that can lead to coma with a fatal outcome.
In addition, there may be such symptoms adrenergic kontrregulyatsii as excessive sweating, clammy skin, feeling of anxiety, tachycardia, hypertension, heart feeling, angina, arrhythmia.
Usually the symptoms of hypoglycemia disappear after carbohydrate intake (sugar). However, artificial sugar (saharozamenitali) ineffective. Experience of using other drugs sulfonylurea indicates that the state of hypoglycemia may occur repeatedly, even if the first aid measures are effective.
If an episode of hypoglycemia, severe or prolonged, the patient needs emergency care or hospitalization, even if his condition temporarily controlled by the Admission of sugar.
Other side effects
From the gastrointestinal tract: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, diarrhea and constipation. Compliance with recommendations for the drug during a breakfast will help avoid or minimize the occurrence of these manifestations.
Rarely observed following side effects:
Skin and subcutaneous tissue: rash, itching, urticaria, erythema, rash makropapuleznaya, buleznaya rash.
From the blood system (are rare): anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, granulocytopenia. Typically, these effects disappear after discontinuation of treatment.
From the hepatobiliary system: improving liver enzymes (ALT, AST, ALP), hepatitis (isolated cases). In case of jaundice, drug treatment should be discontinued.
Mentioned side effects usually disappear after discontinuation of the drug.
On the part of the vision: temporary impairment may occur, especially early in treatment, due to changes in blood glucose levels.
Violations that may occur when using any drug sulfonylurea: erythropenia cases, agranulocytosis, hemolytic anemia, pancytopenia, and allergic vasculitis. In the application of sulfonylurea drugs have also been described increase of liver enzymes, and even abnormal liver function (eg with cholestasis and jaundice) and hepatitis, the manifestations of which decreased after discontinuation of these drugs or in rare cases lead to life-threatening liver failure


Hypoglycemia. Using the drug sulfonylurea hypoglycemia may occur (see ADVERSE REACTIONS).

Diabeton MR tablets 30mg №60

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